How to write an Abstract | Essay Tips

Tom  has shared about his process for putting together an abstract either for a conference paper for submission or for a journal article. This article is a little bit of an insight into his abstract-writing process which you will likely be able to build upon and expand and mould for your own purposes. As usual it will be mostly useful for those in the humanities as that’s where his research sits, however, he is sure the fundamental ideas will be useful across disciplines, potentially even into the sciences. With that out the way, however, let’s crack on with it.

So, without wanting to patronize in any way, it seems that the first question is: What is an abstract for? and What purpose does it serve? Within academia, there are two main functions of an abstract.

For academic conferences, abstracts are used as part of a kind of application process. You send an abstract to a conference organiser and they use that as a way of deciding whether your research fits in with that conference and whether to invite you or not. And, if they do decide to invite you, they’ll use that abstract in order to decide where to place you within the conference program.

In terms of journals, sometimes abstracts used in a similar way. It is often found around themed issues where editors are inviting submissions around a particular topic. However, for the most part, journals will expect you to submit a full draft of your article on spec. In this context, then, the abstract serves as a kind of window into your article so that if and when it is published potential readers can browse that abstract before deciding
whether or not to read your full article. This use of an abstract is sometimes a little bit overlooked. Often, we prioritize the notion of getting published as being the key goal but actually, beyond this, as well as just to getting published you want your work to be read. So, in both these contexts, though it might seem slightly different, the abstract actually serves a very similar purpose and is very important, as it’s these few hundred words that are likely going to decide whether you get to present to that conference or not or whether your article gets actual eyes upon it or not. But, with such a limited word count, what should we leave in and what should we leave out?

Phillip Koopman suggests that an abstract should have five core elements. Your motivation for writing the article or paper. Your problem statement; what are you trying to discover or argue? Your approach; in the humanities this would often be the theoretical tools that you’ll be building your argument upon. Your results; again, the spoilers. What are your conclusions? And, finally, what Koopman refers to as conclusions; why should we care about any of this and what are the implications of those conclusions that you’ve come to?

While such an approach might seem a little formulaic, Tom actually really likes this break down of what an abstract should include. He thinks that, by using one or two sentences to answer each of those questions, you can ensure your abstract is balanced, giving a good, balanced overview of the entire argument contained in the article or presentation and therefore giving the reader of it the information they need to make their choice on whether to read or accept that abstract.

Tom likes examples. He often thinks that talking about something entirely theoretically can be just as confusing as not talking about it at all and so what he thought he’d do was, by way of an example, try to put together an
abstract for a video he recently released as part of my Politix series on Bojack Horseman. We’re going to take these ideas by Koopman and see how we can take the video on Bojack Horseman and sum it down into an abstract.

So, here is his abstract for How Bojack Horseman Critiques the 1990s. Step one, then, is motivation. And my motivation for creating this video was fairly clear: TV show is popular, therefore TV show is notable, therefore discussing that TV show is a worthwhile act. In his abstract, then, he might state that “Bojack Horseman is an incredibly popular TV show and has been widely praised for its engagement with contemporary celebrity culture.

Here, as well as just claiming that the TV show is popular, and therefore important to discuss in that way, he’s also hinted at the fact that there has been previous discussion about this TV show, and therefore that perhaps lends weight to my decision to discuss it too. His problem statement, then, was that, while he felt that there have been many conversations surrounding its take on celebrity culture and mental health—and while he thought that those were important and incredibly revealing—he felt less had been said about how on the show engages with how we perceive the past.

There was a gap in the discourse here, then, what in academia we potentially call a “gap in the literature”. His problem statement, then, is that he’s gonna solve this gap in the literature by filling it. So, in his abstract he might write that “while much has been written about the show’s discourses on mental health and contemporary celebrity culture, less has been said about how the show critiques our perceptions of the recent past”.

So, here, we have already a sense of what’s going to be discussed within that video essay. Now we’ll move on to his approach; how he is going to make that discussion and make his eventual argument. Well, within that video essay, he largely draw on ideas from Frederic Jameson’s book in which he delineates between notions of parody and pastiche, and it’s very much those ideas that formulate his argument. And, here, is a place where very clearly that role of summarizing what actually takes place within the video essay itself takes place. Because, within the video itself, he goes to great lengths to introduce Jameson’s ideas, to explain them to the reader in case they’re not familiar with them, and to provide nuance and mould them to his purposes within that video essay.

However, within the abstract, there is no time for that, so you have to grow comfortable with the idea that your abstract is not going to have all those caveats within it. So, for this sentence, he’s gonna simplify and simply say that “In this video essay I draw upon Frederic Jameson’s delineation of pastiche and parody within cultural texts in order to consider the relationship within Bojack Horseman between the cultural attitudes of the 1990s and the present-day and the perception of the former from the point of view of the latter”.

Great, let’s come to results. This is where, if he’s writing in the humanities (as he always is), then he’s gonna say what his argument is with an indication as to how that argument ends. So, here, it’s fairly blunt. He’s gonna say that “I argue that, while Bojack Horseman initially invites us to view the 1990s within the terms of what Jameson refers to as pastiche, as the series continues, it gradually erodes this rose-tinted view of the past in order to critique how we process the recent past”.

Finally, in expressing the importance of this argument and the impact of the video essay, he thinks he’s mainly interested in expressing how his reading of Bojack Horseman potentially elevates it as a notable point of discussion and it’s subversiveness as a cultural text. So, by doing that, he’s kind of implying, by association, that the video essay is kind of important because it is his video essay that draws those ideas out of the text. So, here, he’s going to write that “Through such a manipulation of the audience’s point of view, Bojack Horseman invites the audience to reinterpret their perceptions of previous cultural eras and thus is a far more subversive piece of television than we have perhaps previously given it credit for”.

What we’ve ended up with, then, is a far, far from perfect rough first draft of an abstract that is 191 words long. This gives us a lot of wiggle room. For example, he might decide to add specifically that I talked at length about the character of Hank Hippopopolous and the allusions within Bojack Horseman to crimes committed by Bill Cosby and allegations towards David Letterman.

He would also very likely play with the language a little bit to ensure that it is as articulate and as engaging as possible. While he’d certainly warn against swallowing a thesaurus and making it a really flowery or almost-unintelligible-because-it’s-so-wordy abstract, he thinks that the adjectives and verbs that we choose to express our ideas are really important. He often thinks that using the active voice rather than the passive voice also helps to articulate why it’s important that you’re presenting this piece of work rather than anyone else.

For now, however, he hopes that that serves as a useful example of how I go about writing an abstract. He’s sure that lots of people out there will have lots of ideas to build on these (or argue against what he’s said) and he thinks that’s really important.

As always, this is the start of a conversation not the end of one. Central to his personal approach, he thinks, and one of the reasons that he found that structure so useful is remaining pure to the core function of an abstract and retaining balance throughout, really just explaining to the reader what your work is about. Because, while flowery words and engaging phrasing can really help to lift your abstract off the page, it’s actually those fundamentals which will make it do the job that it’s meant to do.

Job Search : How to Write a CV for a Student

Deborah linda, an employer liaison with East Bay Works career centers in Contra Costa County, talks about how to write a CV for a student.

A CV is just a fancy name for a resume. You may think as being a student with no real job experience tso that you don’t have enough information to write a CV or resume. In fact, you do. These are a few tips and tricks to show you how.

First of all, if you’re a student in high school or college you probably have a Career Center on campus. That is a great place to start. You can go there and get a lot of career information including resume samples information on how to write a resume. You can certainly visit one-stop Career Center’s, like East Bay Works where I work all over the United States. The library also has information and there’s tons of information on the internet. Be sure to use that as well.

We’re going to look at a format. That’s real particular to writing a resume for students. The real basic format where you’d have your name and contact information on top. Then, you have a job objective which you’re a college student. A job objectives is simply the major that you are in college. For example, if you’re studying to be an RN, you would put the objective to obtain or in position in a major hospital or in a small clinic. It depends upon where you’d like to work.

Put down highlights of qualifications. These highlights are what we call a power punch statement. These qualifications really show what you have done in school in volunteering that. Going back to your job objective things, such as graduating with a Bachelor of Science in the top 10% of the class at Boise State University things, volunteering at Sutter Solano Hospital in there for six months. Those are the kinds qualifying statements that you want to show that you’re a real doer.

Go above and beyond what just basic college students do. If you’re a high school student, you may want to put down things such as volunteers. Any kinds of clubs or organizations, sport teams are really great because it shows that you can work individually or as a team player. Employers really like to see that those activities.

Think about things that you’ve had to do with class projects such as organizational skills. If you’ve had to be the lead on a particular project, you had to delegate work. You had to work on a computer. Maybe, you had to complete a spreadsheet or a Power Point presentation. Those are all skills that you can put under your highlights. Don’t forget computer skills I think that most students these days are just very computer literate and companies need that information. Also, soft skills are important for your resumes such as being on time, being able to learn quickly, being flexible. Those are all types of things that employers are looking for.

You can put down your work experience if you have a part-time job. Definitely list that. Maybe you had a full-time job and had to go to college, that’s great too. However if you don’t have any outside work experience, use internships or practicum credits. Those types of things or even odd jobs that you’ve done such as babysitting or mowing a lawn can be mentioned

Use the people that you work for as references. One question about references, you may think you don’t have any work references, but indeed you do. You can use your professors, your teachers, your counselors and also people that you’ve just helped such as you helped out with your church. You should ask them first before you put them down as a reference. Don’t put them on the spot.

She’s talked a little bit about writing a resume for college students or high school students. Hopefully, this helps you.

Scholarships & Financial Aid : How to Get Nursing Scholarships

Brooke Kramer, the financial aid officer with Argosy University in Salt Lake City, talks about how to get nursing scholarships.

First, find out what scholarships you want to apply for. You can do this by first visiting the department, the nursing department from the University you plan on attending. Most nursing schools have scholarships available specifically towards that degree.

Next, write a very good essay. This needs to be concise. You should put things that separate you from the rest of the competing scholarship. You can put in, such as personal information like community service you have done or about a great grade point average you have.

Next, make sure you meet requirement. Many scholarships have requirements that you have to meet in order to become eligible for the scholarship.

TOEFL: How to Score 119 out of 120

Something amazing happened last week. One of our students who took classes with Jonathan, who is our teacher who prepares people for TOEFL and helps them learn English. This student scored 119 out of 120 on TOEFL. She’s based in Italy and I asked her everything about her TOEFL experience, tips and tricks.

I asked her so how she prepared or what was her level of English before she decided to take TOEFL. She studied foreign languages and literature at the university. English was her first language of studying. She graduated in American literature. She hopes her level was fine before preparing for the TOEFL. She was not sure, however. It’s very specific, She had to go through all parts how to carry out the task. It is an important thing. It can be your mother tongue. It is not easy to understand the phrases. I know that a couple of teachers like native speakers took TOEFL and ended it scoring 115 because there are a lot of tricks you should know.

She took two months to prepare for TOEFL. She was working in the main time she could not prepare like 24 hours per day, but she did every day. Just to understand the tasks and practice during the last three months. She just practiced.

About the practice tests, she downloaded something she found something online. Cracking the TOEFL after watching your video. And she and Jonathan had a session.

During the session, she wanted to focus on the speaking part because at the university she usually writes a lot. She was quite sure about the writing part, especially for the essay. Because that’s what she does at the university. But she was not sure about the speaking part. She wanted to prepare more for speaking and he gave me some tips and some hints. Especially not to panic. That’s so important.

About writing, Jonathan checked two essays and a task and he said she was on the right track. She was doing just fine. She was quite happy with that. She knows how to use the connectors. That’s very important. You just have to learn to insert them in every sentence. That’s typical for TOEFL.

About the score in every section, she got 30 in Reading and 29 in Listening. It’s strange because she thought it was the best section. She thought writing her best part, scored 27. And then 30 in Speaking. That’s amazing. That you scored 30 on writing is really difficult. You never know what TOEFL exam makers want you to write and how they’re going to access it. It depends on who’s checking your essay. She was afraid because she didn’t have time to check and to re-read the essay because she wrote like 600 words. She was like writing, writing she didn’t check. That’s one of the tricks. Exceeding the word limits. Exactly Jonathan and her had a competition about typing and the speed of her typing was faster than his. And it wasn’t her mother tongue. That’s amazing. Great score.

When she was doing the listening, there were some people who were doing the speaking part. That was a bit disturbing. But then she heard something. Also the testors they told us to have a break but come into the room before the break stops. She entered like 20 minutes before the end of her break she could hear others speaking. She could hear something about space and maybe it is somethig about the universe. Everybody’s using that tip. It’s really helpful.

She downloaded lots of books then she found the book, maybe it’s not in the top 5 books for TOEFL but it was useful because there are some resources online and it’s the complete guide to the TOEFL test by Bruce Rogers. You can find all the CDs online and that’s really useful. You don’t want to spend a lot of money on books. You just download the books and everything is online that’s really useful. You don’t need to wait for somebody to ship the book. If you want just to practice more you can download or buy the official guide it’s fine but the more you have, the better.

She’d like to apply for phD courses in Canada, in the USA or in the UK. She thought TOEFL was the best option for all those three. In December or January she’s writing a project.  Maybe she has to take another exam. GRE for the US, a more complicated one. She passed GMAT pretty much the same a little more complicated. They just want me to score well in the rhetoric part not in maths. That’s a relief.

She was really nervous at the beginning so for the reading part it is normal to be a bit anxious. She doesn’t know how she scored 30 out of 30 in the reading part because she was really anxious at the beginning and everyone was coming. Just keep focused on what you’re reading even though it could be really difficult because she noticed that the first article was quite easy a lot about art and cinema but the second one was a mess and the third was complicated.

Focus on what you’re doing and don’t think about the reading passage when you go to the listening. Keep focused on what you’re doing. This is the first tip that she can give.

Prepare as much as possible continue to write and write down all the words that you don’t know that you’d like to use in you essay. For example, she studied some idiomatic expressions that she didn’t know or that she’d like to use in her essay. And learn them by heart. During the speaking, in the second task she used some old sayings or idiomatic expessions. It could be impressive also as an ending for an essay.

She has a blog in English. She usually writes on her blog just to keep practice in writing. Maybe you can start just by writing something, own thoughts, own ideas.

Now, she’s more confident. She’s not usually as confident as she should. She’s passed with great results. Her advice is to take the exam and see what happens because it’s really for your future.

Postgraduate Social Sciences at Oxford

With nearly 1,000 academic staff in the social sciences, Oxford University has the largest grouping of social scientists in the UK. As a graduate, you can take a wide choice of courses, all supported by innovative research Degrees range from social sciences with lab-based elements – for example, in geography and archaeology – through to subjects such as politics, economics and law and professionally orientated training in business, education and public policy.

The international nature of research in the social sciences and its impact in both academic and non-academic situations places Oxford at the heart of many important debates around policy and knowledge relating to global challenges. There are 14 departments. At the Department of International Development, students come from all over the world to study the politics and economics of the Global South.

Sometimes, graduate students have previously trained in different areas and come to Oxford to explore a new angle. Take Simukai, for example – he originally trained to be a doctor. He explained, “Throughout my medical studies, I began to realise more and more the importance of politics, of economics and of social structure in shaping health outcomes and I’ve been lucky to have quite a progressive department and a very progressive college.”

Graduate students are taught to develop their critical and independent thinking. “It is truly global, we have a number of countries represented, a number of different disciplines, and so it’s been an incredible experience in terms of forming my own thoughts from a well-rounded perspective.” Warda said.

Oxford has been working within the realms of social welfare for over 100 years, and research and teaching in the department is constantly moving forward. For example, Selcuk is exploring new approaches to poverty analysis. “So, now what I’m trying to do is evaluate the current poverty measures used in the EU and in the US. I think the facilities are the best part of Oxford University and the amazing libraries, let’s say! Some of them are really old, some of them are modern. Social Science Library, for example, is really modern.”

Holly Trujillo added, “We are learning evidence-based practices for evaluating everything from interventions dealing with cognitive behavioural practices to macro-level policy evaluation.”

Students at the Blavatnik School of Government are taught by a global community of leading academics and expert public policy practitioners. This helps them to develop the professional skills and academic knowledge required to address some of this century’s most complex challenges faced by governments around the world.

Diana is studying a Master’s in Public Policy said “We learn how to communicate, to work with peers, to be a critical analyser, to analyse evidence, and overall how to be a good policy-maker. The school is a very young school so they are very eager to know how the course is going. There’s a good balance between lectures that are more general and small seminars when you can go into detail with the different issues.”

It’s only scratched the surface of the social sciences at Oxford. Finding out more about graduate study at the University by visiting

5 Active Reading Strategies for Textbook Assignments – College Info Geek

Thomas Frank talks about active reading. Active reading is a method of reading a book with the intent of pulling something useful out of it. It’s different from passively going over the text once to experience it.

Right off the bat, he says there were a lot of systems that have been put forward like SQ3R, SQ4R, and lots of other acronym driven systems for active reading, and he thinks that these systems are too cumbersome. They
take too long, and he is not the only one who thinks this.

Instead, he shows how to apply active reading to 3 specific books that he’s been reading recently, and how he’s able to recall the information better by doing that.

First, he gives you 5 general active reading tips that you can apply to any reading that you have to do.

  1. The first tip is to use a technique called pseudo-skimming. The longer the readings that you have to do are, the more likely a lot of the paragraphs in those readings are going to be filler. That could be background, that could be extra detail, it could be asides. Often you don’t really need to read these paragraphs all that in depth to get the information you need for your classes. The pseudo-skimming technique is really a paragraph by paragraph technique where you skim each paragraph very quickly, and then you get a feel for the reading and figure out which paragraphs hold the most important information.
  2. The second tip is to try to read backwards. A lot of textbooks are not all that exciting. They don’t really have a narrative, and you’re not going to spoil yourself if you read it backwards, or go to the end. If you want to figure out what a certain chapter is all about, you can first go to the back, look at summary, look at the vocab lists that are put back there, some of the questions, the review items, and get a feel for what
    the actual chapter wants you to learn in a big sense, like a sky high sense. Once you get that you can start going backwards and seeing.
  3. Tip number 3 is to come up with questions while you read. When you are going through the chapter, if you are doing pseudo-skimming, or anything else, when something comes up that you don’t really know about, then note that down as a question. You can also use the headings, the sub-headings in the chapter as questions. If there’s a sub-heading that talks about a specific concept, you can re-word that as a question, maybe even right it down in your notes, and then as you go through the actual content of that section answer the question for yourself. You can do this in review as well.
  4. Tip number 4 is to pay attention to the formatting of a text. When he was in college he would do this
    with almost all of his readings. He would open up the book, he would look at almost every single bolded item, or list of things, and he would pay special attention to those items in the text because they probably were to go over processes that are important to the chapter, or go over vocab terms that are almost certainly going to appear on tests. You should pay attention to things that stand out, and their formatting, and not those down.
  5. The last tip, before geting into some of the books is to either mark up the book while you’re reading. If you own the book, you can write in it with a pencil, and make notes in the margins, which is really helpful. If you don’t, you can use flags, or possibly highlight depending on your schools policies. If you really don’t want to mark up your book, then you can take really short bulleted notes on a piece of paper. You can also put questions in there, or you can take flow style notes.

He also shows a few of the books that he’s been reading, and 3 different active reading strategies that he adopted for each book.

“Thinking Fast and Slow” by Daniel Kahneman 

This book is about cognitive biases. It’s about bugs in human reasoning, and rationality, and decision making. It’s a super dense book.

He used flags to markup almost every page that he has read. That is one of those books that’s packed with information on almost every single page. Every single chapter mention multiple studies with lots of results, defines different terms, and he was interested in almost everything he read. Therefore, as he went through, he used flags to markup the book in a non-damaging way.

He read this book about a year ago. He’s become a little bit more okay with marking up his books permanently since then, but the flag method does work, especially if you’re renting textbooks, or you plan on selling it later. You can pull them out when you need to when you have good notes for them, and you finished reviewing. It’s a pretty good method.

“Confessions of a Scholarship Winner” by Kristina Ellis

He’s going through this book because it’s a fantastic overview of how to win scholarships. This book he went through with a pencil and he would bracket paragraphs that held specific ideas he wanted to review later. He would write notes in the margin underlining specific terms that are really important.

As he’s looking back through the book, he saw all the spots that he wanted to note for later. He’s going to go through the book a second time once he finishes reading it, and take good notes on it.

“The Power of Habit” by Charles Duhigg

Speaking of notes, it is the book he’s been reading most recently. He actually has a third active reading system which is working  really well at this point, and it’s just to take notes on the chapter after reading it.

He’s created a habit of reading this “Power of Habit” book. He’s created a habit of reading this book every single day for at least 15 minutes. He checks it off in HabitRPG, and it’s something that’s becoming a very strong habit for him. He definitely does it every day. About once every 2 days he finishes a chapter. Immediately when he finishes reading a chapter, he’ll go over to Evernote on his desktop computer, go back through the chapter and write notes in Evernote. He’s got a good bulleted summary of almost the entire book right now. Everything that he thought was important in the book is in that summary, and it’s going to be about 3,000 words once he finishes it, he’s estimating. That’s a lot less than what’s in the book, and if he wants to go back and review what he learned it’s going to be much easier, and it’s in his own words as well.

Those are some of the strategies you can use for active reading. Hopefully, you can implement some of these into your studies in order to cut down on
that study time, and increase your recall and your ability to do better on tests, and essays, and whatever it is you need to apply your readings to.

How Freshmen & Sophomores Can Prepare | Football Recruiting

The recruiting process starts really early at NCSA.  The recruiting process started before means you could never start too early. College coaches are developing lists of prospects as early as they possibly can so that they can track and decide if they want to make them recruits.

There’s a difference between a prospect and a recruit. Prospect is someone who’s old enough to be recruited right and a recruit is someone who is being contacted by the colleges.

If you are in sixth grade, seventh grade and eighth grade, you’re not either of those yet, but now the NCAA is just about to make you one of those. It’s because in basketball when you finish sixth grade you now become a prospect.

Then, college basketball coaches can start sending you information on camps on different things. You should understand the recruiting process, understand how fast it is and your job is to prepare to be a college recruit not a college prospect.

Here are things to prepare:

Academics. You should be a great 9th grade student.

Character. A person of character is being really important. You become an athleter. You empower leaders through sports, use your sport to get ahead and give back.

Talent.  You should be flexible and have work flexibility, strength and speed.

All those things are going to make you a great recruit.

How to Navigate a College Admissions Fair – an Expert Interviews Experts

Thinking college fairs are a terrific opportunity for students and their families to really learn about different colleges and universities that might be scared around. If they are visiting colleges, they don’t want specific place. Certainly depending junior/senior sophomore may not necessarily know they like to study. The terrific opportunity is to learn about different academic opportunities that many different universities can offer and learn more about financial aid scholarships and maybe start airing that list down.

They’re important because they can give you a lot of access to a lot of different colleges and a lot of different people at the colleges and in one. It’s really important for juniors to make sure that they go to one early on. They kind of collect as much as they want to talk to anybody, be really open. Being open is the only important that if students are kind of led by their parents or a boyfriend or girlfriend, they’re limiting themselves.When they’re going to affair just making sure that you know we really look into different options at different tables.

It’s important for families, especially for students that are able absolutely to travel college whether the resources are more difficult to get to see a lot of schools. Students come productive at home have the right questions available because they come prepared with their information only in cars or they have little stickers. They ask their items like ‘tell me more about a program’ not whether you have a college.

Ii is recommend not just going right up to a commission counselor and saying how your psychology program is or how your criminal guess is. Getting more creative with your questions is essential. One of the most important things, for college fairs in particular, is getting to know the information about the college if you feel as though application creates the toffee for even thing over.

The most important contractor conference is to make sure that you’re asking the questions that have, not all your parents. Your parents cut out the customs, too. However, make sure that you know what is talking with the student. Trying to direct the questions and making sure that the students has a way better and the parent can be there is kind of a coach today.

Distance Learning – International Development Department

If you’re looking for an academic degree of a high caliber but at the same time suited to one’s lifestyle and personality, Birmingham can supply you with that type of program.

ID DS distance learning program has a diverse and experienced group of students with all different nationalities and most of them are working in development related jobs. Distance learning program at IDT is a fantastic opportunity to try and get in touch with as many people as possible based in different countries all over the world who were studying because they have a love of development.

Reason to study distance learning simply because it fits with the schedule. Working full-time, having commitments outside of work and really studying in and around work is ideal. It allows to continue working gaining more experience and at the same time allows to pay for tuition fees. Reason of chosing Birmingham is also because it has a great reputation. Many people in the in the field have studied here and recommended that it leaves  a promise.

The distance learning programs is flexibility. They recognized fully that the students are usually working full time in very busy demanding jobs, often with a lot of overseas travel. It is an excellent support from the admin team whenever you need is always available. The support you get is quite individual which is quite a surprise for a distance learning program. You much feel being a part of a wider community rather than just you’re alone in the experience.

Academically, there is always somebody around that could help. You can enjoy the interactions with the tutors. The academic staff are always on hand in terms of participating in discussion boards, sharing their experiences, and their ideas which are invaluable to the course.

All the distance learning students have the same access to campus services. As the on-campus students do, they’re fully registered as students at the University of Birmingham. They get access to lecturers and teachers who are always online and also they get access to each other. Those group discussions are always very  fruitful and  enhancing the experience of distance learning students because it’s very conscious of the fact that they’re not here on campus.

Throughout the program, the continuous sharing of experience between tutors and students happens. In fact, students often say that they learn as much from each other as they do from the course materials. The bests point on the program is  the interaction on the discussion board with other students, as well as the feedback from the tutors.

The one-to-one supervision, throughout my dissertation is probably one of the the strongest elements of the course. The students have regular contact with supervisors. They are always accessible and very supportive. They definitely assist throughout the dissertation process which is a real benefit. The game from doing the course, most of all list, is confidence and confidence in oneself and in academic abilities. If somebody who was born in a developing country, he would never question inequalities that exist there until joining program. It certainly broadens the horizons in terms of applying. There is different techniques which otherwise would not have done.

The advice to anybody considering studying distance learning is just to do it. It is rewarding. We certainly get a great sense of achievement which is definitely worth doing at the University of Birmingham.

Top 5 Tips For Applying a Scholarship

Applying for scholarships can be so stressful and overwhelming. Some universities talked to successful scholarship recipients from across the country for their keys to success. Here are their top 5 tips for getting that scholarship.

Tip one: Get organized

This is not a time when you want to be pulling an all-nighter. So determine which documents you need early and make a schedule with all key dates and deadlines, So you don’t feel stressed or overwhelmed. Also plan to submit your application a few days before it’s due That way, in case you run into any type of problems you’ll have lots of time to fix them.

Tip two: One size does not fit all

Carefully read the scholarship criteria and tailor each application accordingly, Don’t just copy and paste from one to another. Each of your applications should be genuine and respond to the specific Scholarship requirements

Tip three: Pick references who know you and your work

It’s important that your references understand the scholarship criteria and can clearly see why you are a good candidate. So, consider giving them a few bullet points with extra information to help them develop their letters. Also, no last-minute requests. Make sure that you give you references lots of time to develop thoughtful recommendations.

Tip four: Proofread and repeat

The first draft of your scholarship application should never be your final draft. Errors are really distracting and they reflect badly on your credibility. So find your local grammar geek and ask him or her to proofread your application before you submit it.

Tip five: Be unique, be you!

Some scholarships receive hundreds and even thousands of applications. But luckily there’s only one you. So, what makes you unique? Consider which of your achievements will set you apart from the others and leave a lasting impression.

Go on, brag a little. It’s your moment to shine.